Truth Commission

The establishment of a Truth Commission truth commission on crimes committed during the Franco dictatorship is essential, according to Baltasar Garzón, for the investigation and resolution of disappearances that occurred in Spain between 1936 and 1975. He stated this on numerous occasions and it is are reflected the report made by the International Foundation Baltasar Garzón  in connection with the findings made by Spain in its report submitted on December 26, 2012 pursuant to Article 29.1 of the International Convention for the Protection of All persons from enforced disappearances to the Committee on Enforced Disappearances.

This report was part of the documents analysed at the meeting of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances of the United Nations which took place from November 4 to 15 in Geneva and which was attended by the Fibgar legal team headed by Baltasar Garzón.

In this report a number of recommendations are proposed, including:  the establishment of a Truth Commission  on crimes committed during the Franco dictatorship and a census of victims of the Franco repression as well as the creation of a national register of the same.

In addition is the need to pass legislation to implement the Convention guaranteeing maximum protection of persons from enforced disappearance and undertaking all obligations incurred. This would imply at least the amendment of the Constitution, the Criminal Code, the Criminal Procedure Act, the Statute of the Victim, the Organic Law of the Judiciary Act, the Amnesty, extradition law, the Immigration Act and the General Penitentiary Organic Law.

Due to the visit by the United Nations Committee on Enforced Disappearancesto Spain a campaign was conducted to sensitize and make public opinion visible on the need to know the truth about enforced disappearances that occurred between 1936 and 1975 in Spain.